Isolation gowns refer to protective equipment used to protect medical personnel from contamination by blood, body fluids and other infectious substances, or to protect patients from infection. The isolation gown should open at the back and cover all clothing and exposed skin. It is often used in operations where blood and body fluids may be splashed, when contacting patients with infectious diseases transmitted by contact, patients with multi-drug resistant bacteria,and when implementing protective isolation for patients with large-area burns, bone marrow transplantation, etc.
Specific use of isolation gown:
1. When cleaning up the vomit of HIV-infected patients, medical staff are at risk of being contaminated, so they need to wear gloves and isolation gowns.
2. The transmission route of multidrug-resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is mainly contact transmission, so patients with multidrug-resistant bacteria should be isolated in a single room or centralized treatment of the same pathogen, and protective glasses should be worn when performing close-range operations such as sputum suction and tracheal intubation, and isolation clothing should be worn when work clothes may be contaminated.
3. The risk of exposure to blood and body fluids is low during morning care for patients with diabetes and HBV, and it is not necessary to wear isolation gowns.
4. When entering key departments such as ICU, NICU, protective ward, etc., whether it is necessary to wear isolation gowns should depend on the purpose of medical personnel's entry and their contact with patients.
The main function of disposable isolation gowns is to protect staff and patients, prevent the spread of pathogenic microorganisms, and avoid cross-infection. It has no airtight, waterproof and other requirements, but only for isolation. When putting on and taking off, be careful to avoid contamination.
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